- Practice good personal hygiene such as washing hands frequently to avoid contaminating food
- Always ensure that the food and water source is sterile and avoid consuming foods raw
Dehydration is the most severe threat in case of diarrhea. Water and electrolytes are lost through liquid stools, vomit, sweat…Dehydration occurs when these losses are not replaced.. It is critically important to drink sufficient amount of water to fight against dehydration. On top, WHO and UNICEF recommends ORS (Oral Rehydration Salts) as the key measure in case of diarrhea.
ORS solutions need to bring the essential following elements:
- Glucose (sugar) to facilitate the absorption of sodium (and water) in the small intestine
- Sodium and potassium (salts) needed to replace the body losses
- Citrate to correct the acidosis that occurs as a result of diarrhea and dehydration.